I was a friend of Kenneth Williams not a best friend, but what he called "a good chum" and, over several years, quite a close one. We collaborated on the books he wrote, spent hundreds of hours in one another’s company, shared countless meals, train journeys, trips to the cinema so when, 10 years ago, on the night of April 14, 1988, he took his own life, I felt a sense of real loss and sadness. But I wasn’t surprised.
Kenneth had told me that his father had committed suicide. "When you get to the end of your rope, tie a knot and hang on. If you can. Charlie couldn’t."
Charlie Williams was a hairdresser, with a shop in Marchmont Street, Bloomsbury. According to Kenneth, the service Charlie offered his customers was unique. He did their hair his way or not at all. "I’m not dyeing your hair. D’you want to look like a tart? Stick to your own colour. You can’t improve on nature. You ought to know that. You’re old enough and ugly enough."
Perhaps not surprisingly, Charlie’s business didn’t prosper. In time, he ran out of customers and money and, when the Inland Revenue came down on him for years of back taxes, he went bust. The shop went, the house went and Charlie drifted into desultory retirement. He lasted a year or two and then, one night in October 1962, "took a concoction of cleaning fluid carbon tetrachloride and that was that". The inquest returned a verdict of death by misadventure.
When Kenneth died from an overdose of barbiturates ("my hoard of poison") washed down with alcohol the coroner brought in an open verdict. But the truth is that Kenneth Williams, at 62, was at the end of his tether. The final words in the journal he kept so conscientiously for more than 40 years summed it up: " oh what’s the bloody point?"
He was in pain ("oh, this bloody ulcer and spastic colon"), he had given up smoking (a lifelong recreation), and he was waiting to go into hospital ("how I HATE those places") for an operation he dreaded. He was frightened. And he was fed up. He knew he had painted himself into a corner. Professionally and personally he had nowhere left to go.
That he died a burden and a disappointment to himself is so sad, and wrong, because here we are, 10 years after his death, and he seems as potent a presence as ever. The books, the tapes, the Carry Ons we buy, we listen, we watch them still. That extraordinary voice continues to resonate, one of the most distinctive English sounds of our times. If you can do it (and it’s a tough one to imitate: Frankie Howerd is so much easier), there’s good money to be earned in the voice-over market as a Kenneth Williams soundalike.
For the past couple of years, a young actor, who never met him, has been touring the country with a one-man show that provides an uncanny evocation of Kenneth, funny and toughing, and the crowds go to it, knowing Kenneth is dead, but clearly wishing he wasn’t. They loved Kenneth Williams. They would like him still to be here. "I’m a cult," he used to scream, "a cult, d’you hear?" eyes narrowed, nostrils flaring. Well, now, perhaps he is.
John Gielgud one of the pantheon of Kenneth’s heroes, along with Olivier, Coward, Orson Welles and Kenneth Horne defines the attributes necessary to a star performer as "energy, an athletic voice, a well-graced manner, some unusually fascinating originality of temperament; vitality, certainly, and an ability to convey an impression of beauty or ugliness as the part demands, as well as authority and a sense of style." Kenneth had all the qualification then, yet, as the years went by, the offers of work on stage and screen grew fewer and less interesting. By the end, they had virtually dried up.
The problem, of course, was that, gradually, the versatile character actor and consummate revue artiste of the Fifties and Sixties became a coarsened caricature of himself. He was frightened of failure (who isn’t?) and often would say, "Oh, I can’t be bothered, I can’t be fagged" when really he meant "I don’t want to it might not work." Increasingly, he fell back on the mannerisms and gags and routines he knew he could rely on, running round in ever-decreasing circles.
He got less work because there was less he could do. He knew it. He knew, too, that he wasn’t an easy ride. Some found him quite impossible.
We never fell out, but then I never crossed him. He could be sweet and sour, but, when he came to my house, he was only sweet. Yes, he was outrageous, waspish, wickedly funny, and often wicked simply to be funny. He would say terrible things about people; dreadful, hurtful, calumnious things, without necessarily meaning them; of, if meaning them, meaning them for the moment; or if really meaning them, not meaning them to hurt.
He would go as far as he needed and frequently far beyond to create an effect, to provoke a reaction, if necessary of shock, preferably of hysteria. One evening after dinner, when he already had the table in a roar, he got to his feet, spun round, dropped his trousers and his pants and cried, "Look! Look! The bum it’s hanging down in pleats!"
He was funny and kind (when my father died, he wrote me a wonderful letter of consolidation, careful and caring) and, contrary to reputation, in my experience not in the least bit mean. He was careful with his money, but, until the Eighties, his earnings had never been spectacular. The Carry Ons were regular, but they didn’t pay a fortune. "I never got more than £5,000 for any of them. None of us did."
In 1983, when London Weekend Television offered him £10,000 for An Audience With Kenneth Williams, he was amazed, and thrilled. "Ten thou for one evening of my old tat!" he gasped. I said: "Remember Whistler’s line when asked how he dared demand 200 guineas for a painting that hadn’t taken more than a day to complete?" "Oh yes," purred Kenneth, "’I don’t ask it for a day’s work, I ask it for the experience of a lifetime!" yes. Yes, that’s it exactly."
With Kenneth , references to Whistler or Ruskin always went down well. He liked to talk about art and music and philosophy. He was self-taught and widely and well read, he had reams of poetry by heart, and enjoyed showing off his erudition. When he was writing his autobiography, he read it to me in draft, out loud, paragraph by paragraph, for approval and the only time we nearly came to blows was when I forced him to leave out great chunks pages and pages, thousands of words about Hegel, Nietzsche, Schopenhauer. "Oh, all right, have it your own way. If you think they want the same old rubbish, they can have it. I don’t care."
He did care, of course. When people he respected suggested he wasn’t fulfilling his potential or upbraided him for excessive vulgarity, he snapped back defensively. "Have you read Twelfth Night? ‘These be her very Cs, her Us, and her Ts, and thus does she make her great Ps.’ And that’s the greatest poet the world has ever known. Don’t talk to me about vulgarity!"
Kenneth knew he went too far too often. Once, we had him to supper with the head of an Oxford college, a woman he professed himself eager to meet. He liked the ides of conversation with academics. First, he charmed her, then, as the drink and the devil got to him, he appalled her with a stream of the crudest obscenities. He recognised that this outlandish behaviour drove friends away, but somehow he couldn’t stop himself.
One of his oldest chums was the film director, John Schlesinger, who had been with Kenneth, and Stanley Baxter and Peter Nichols, in Combined Services Entertainments in the Far East in the Forties, putting on those concert parties so brilliantly evoked in Nichols’s Privates on Parade. John hadn’t seen Kenneth for some years, so we invited them for a meal.
John was apprehensive, fearing an evening of self-indulgent, self-centred queeniness. In the event, Kenneth was on his best behaviour, twinkling, nostalgic, affectionate, fun. John suggested a rematch at his house and, when it came, Kenneth was at his worst. He started loud and funny, but as the night wore on grew ever louder, more raucous and less amusing. The problem, I sensed, was that, at John’s, Alan Bennett was part of the party and was so delightful, so gently droll, that Kenneth couldn’t cope with the competition. The evening was a flop and, I imagine, John and Kenneth, once such friends, never saw each other again.
His very brilliance as a raconteur added to his self-loathing. "Most good talkers, when they have run down, are miserable," said Cyril Connolly. "They know that they have betrayed themselves, that they have taken material which should have a life of its own to dispense it in noises upon the air."
Kenneth, full of contradictions, was angry with himself for letting his career be reduced to the chat-show circuit, yet recognised and relished his own skill in the genre. After recording one of his appearances on Parkinson early in the evening he would come on to our house to view the transmission, providing a running commentary on his own performance. "That’s good, that’s very good. Don’t I look a dish? Lovely tag to that story."
He liked a good dirty story with a proper "tag" and admired those who could "put them over" as he did. He picked up one of his favourites at our house, from Roddy Llewellyn, and noted it next day in his diary: "Roddy told a story about a man going into the home of two spinsters to view a Ming vase and seeing a French letter lying on the piano stool. The old lady explained, ‘We found it lying in the grass on the common and it said Place on organ to avoid infection and we haven’t got an organ so we put it on the piano and do you know we’ve neither of use had any colds this year!’ He’s one of the few people I’ve every come across who knows how to tell a story."
Kenneth, of course, was a natural performer, but as a person I think he was probably happiest without an audience, one-to-one with one of the two or three amiable, intelligent chums (usually not from the world of entertainment) who gave him time and tolerant, uncomplicated companionship. Kenneth liked to be what he called "ordinary", to spend time with "normal families". He loved to be with the Scottish actor Gordon Jackson and his wife Rona and their children. With the Jacksons, probably more than anywhere, he felt secure.
Contrary to several opinions, I don’t believe he was tortured by his sexuality. He was born in 1926, 41 years before the legalisation of homosexual acts between consenting adults. He belonged to a more discreet generation, as he said, "before the love that dare not speak its name started shouting the odds from the rooftops". Was he homosexual? "Mentally yes, spiritually yes, physically no," was his sober answer.
In his cups, he would tell the tale of his exciting encounter with a young Sikh in Ceylon, in a coconut grove in Kurunegala. "It was only fumbling, just the Barclays Bank." Customarily, when ladies were present, he eschewed the rhyming slang and put on his Noel Coward voice to roll the world "masturbatory" round his tongue.
He was ready to lend tacit support to the Campaign for Homosexual Equality he told me he had been to a couple of their meetings but he wasn’t interested in "gay rights", just "the alleviation of suffering". "The sex urge is just an animal instinct," us used to say, "the bit left over in us from the apes. It is the human heart we should be concerned with, and its intense vulnerability."
Kenneth was so brilliant, so gifted, so vulnerable. I felt guilty about his death because I knew that I was one (of several) of his friends who had given up on him. He was very demanding and we didn’t have the time or the patience for our old chum.
Not long before he died I got a postcard from him, featuring what looked like a still from a Carry On, a picture of Kenneth peering into a periscope. On the card he had written: "Are you still there?"
I wasn’t. And now I miss him.